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Tenun Sumba

Tenun Sumba

Tenun Sumba is one of very popular traditional cloth made by hand. Another famous one from Sumba is Tenun Ikat.

Called tenun ikat, as a way of making motif or color by binding threads in yarn. In the old way of weaving, yarn woven cloth made by cotton. Cotton from Jacaranda tree-shaped clumps of twisted cotton thread to thin and become strong. To become a thread, use alan gyre that can rotate.

After the thread sufficient for a single fabric, yarn arranged along of the desired fabric. Usually a width of not more than 80-90 cm in accordance with the width of the stretch of the hand at the time of weaving. That’s why, on a hand-woven fabric, fabric width only slightly. Once the threads are arranged in rows, began to be made using rope ties. The first bond using leaves watertight. Ties made in accordance with the desired pattern. Once bound, the fabric dyed in the dyeing process.

For patterns, animals and people are more complicated than floral or geometric patterns. This is because the geometric pattern is easier to count the number of threads. While patterns of animals, less repetition. The smaller and delicate patterns, the more complicated the binding process and requires a longer time. Animal and human motifs also require a very high accuracy. Errors more easily seen in this motif.

Usually the patterns of houses, animals and people in Sumba’s cloth has a story. For example a story about marriage, ceremonies, race horse racing, death and so on. Pattern also typically take inspiration from nature, most animals, such as horses, deer, shrimp, chicken, etc.